Requirement = capability or condition that must be met by a system, or a performance condition the system must achieve; similar requirements are grouped into a specification; requirements can be shown graphically or tabular, or in compact graphical notations in any SysML diagram. Uses <<requirement>> model element;
 What is the abbreviation for a requirement diagram that appears in the diagram header?
req [package or requirement] Model Element Name [diagram name]
 Which kind of model element can the frame of a requirement diagram represent?
The diagram frame for a requirement diagram designates a model element type that can be a package or requirement. The requirements construct can be directly show on BDD, Package diagrams and Use Case diagrams.
 Which standard properties are expressed in a SysML requirement?
 Can you add additional properties and constraints to a requirement?
A requirements profile can be applied as follow:
– Categories should match specific application; includes descriptions, stereotype properties and constraints; additional categories can be added by further stereotyping the categories shown in table 12.1
– Apply more specialized requirement stereotype (functional, interface, performance, physical, design constraint) as applicable and ensure consistency
– Specific text requirement can include more than one requirement category, use stereotype in <<guillemets>> or a comma separated list
 What type of requirement relationships can only exist between requirements?
Defining, deriving, satisfying, verifying, refining, copying
 How do you read Figure 12.3 ?
*If model elements do not appear on the same diagram, they be shown using compartment or callout notation; direct notation is used to show derive requirements or satisfy
 How do you express the requirement relationship in Question 6 using callout notation?
Callout is depicted as comment symbol;
 How do you express the requirement relationship in Question 6 using compartment notation?
 How do you represent a «deriveReqt» relationship between Reqt A and Reqt B in a matrix?
 How do you represent the rationale for the derived requirement in Figure 12.14 that the derivation is based on the xyz analysis?
Rationale = is a sysml model elemnt that captures the reason for a particular design decision; can be used anywhere, not just requirements; problem = like rationale can be used anywhere and describes a specific problem needing solved; represented with a comment symbol and <<rationale>> keyword.
 What is a satisfy relationship used for? (Select from answers a–c.)
- to ensure a requirement is met
- to assert a requirement is met
- to more clearly express a requirement
satisfy = used to assert that a model element corresponding to the design satisfies the requirement; but its not the proof (as that is done in the verify relationship);
 What are the elements found on either end of a verify relationship?
Verifyrelationship = a requirement and a testcase that is used to verify the requirement; test case = any method for performing the verification – could be sequence diagram, activity, or state machine diagram;
 What is used as a basis for a derived relationship? (Select from answers a–c.)
- test case
derive relationship = between derived requirement and source requirement – based on analysis; the analysis can be described in <<rationale>>
 How would you decompose the requirement A into two requirements A.1 and A.2 using the containment relationship? ANS = Figure 12.11
Requirements containment hierarchy using a package
Refine = relationship provides capability to reduce ambiguity; give clarification; whereas derive relationships are between requirements only, the refine relationship can be between requirement and any other model element.
 Which relationship would you use to relate a requirement to a document?
(Select from answers a–d.)
Trace relationship = general purpose relationship between requirement and any other model element;
Copy relationship = to support reuse; requirement from one namespace is copy to another;
 Why are requirements included in SysML? (This can be a discussion topic rather than a question.)